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The necks of pithoi are wide for scooping or bucket access. The size may require two or three handlers to lift.The necks of amphorae are narrow for pouring by a person holding it by the bottom and a handle. For the most part, however, an amphora was tableware, or sat close to the table, was intended to be seen, and was finely decorated as such by master painters.There was perhaps an as yet unidentified native Etruscan word for the vase that pre-empted the adoption of amphora., Bennett's AMPHORA, which has a number of scribal variants.The two spellings are transcriptions of amphiphorēwes (plural) and amphorēwe (dual) in Mycenaean Greek from which it may be seen that the short form prevailed on the mainland.Homer uses the long form for metrical reasons, and Herodotus has the short form.The customer is not charged for three different consignments weighing less than 500gms each.
It is remarkable that even though the Etruscans imported, manufactured, and exported amphorae extensively in their wine industry, and other Greek vase names were Etruscanized, no Etruscan form of the word exists.Neck amphorae were commonly used in the early history of ancient Greece, but were gradually replaced by the one-piece type from around the 7th century BC onward.Most were produced with a pointed base to allow upright storage by embedding in soft ground, such as sand.They are most often ceramic, but examples in metals and other materials have been found.Versions of the amphorae were one of many shapes used in Ancient Greek vase painting.